ChichawatniFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Chichawatniچِيچہ وطنىcityChichawatni is located in Punjab, Pakistan ChichawatniChichawatniShow map of Punjab, PakistanShow map of PakistanShow allLocation of Chichawatni within Pakistan.Coordinates: 30°31′58″N 72°41′25″ECoordinates: 30°31′58″N 72°41′25″ECountry PakistanProvince/state PunjabDistrict Sahiwal DistrictPopulation (1998) • Total 72,261 • Estimate (2011) 160,000Time zone PST (UTC+5)Calling code 040Number of towns 1Number of union councils 3Chichawatni (Urdu: چِيچہ وطنى) is a tehsil in the Sahiwal District of the Pakistani province of Punjab. Situated near the old main road called Grand Trunk Road, it lies approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) from the district capital, Sahiwal. In 2011, Chichawatni’s population was estimated at approximately 160,000.
Contents [hide] 1 Etymology2 History3 Overview3.1 Forest division3.2 Cattle market3.3 Kabbadi stadium3.4 Educational institutions3.5 Rail links3.6 Nearby Villages4 Government investment5 Local elections in 20126 See also7 References8 External linksEtymologyThere are two leading folk etymologies proposed for the name Chichawatni. The first one asserts that the 7th century Raja Dahir named the town Chichawatni – meaning “City of Chach” – for his father, Maharaja Chach of Alor. According to the second etymology, the name is derived from a Hindu family who lived in the area in antiquity, with the father of the family being named Chicha and the mother Watni.
HistoryFrom the beginning of the 7th century Rajput Bhatti kingdoms dominated eastern portions of Pakistan and northern India. In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of some western Punjab region. Eastern Regions of Punjab from Multan to Rawalpindi in north (Including region of present-day Faisalabad, previously called Lyallpur) remained under Rajput rule until 1193. The Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire later ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to the missionary Sufi saints work among the people of Punjab. Sufi dargahs (mausoleums) dot the landscape of Punjab region today. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh Empire was formed in the Punjab. During the British Raj, Chichawatni was reputedly transformed from a small Punjabi village into a relatively modern city by infrastructure investment and planning decrees, starting after the First World War. At the time of independence of Pakistan in 1947, most Indian Muslim families migrated from Punjab towns like Ludhiana, Jallandhar, Amritsar and Firozpur, and settled in towns like Chichawatni, shaping the city’s present-day Muslim population. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and the Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India from the old northwestern Punjab areas, while the Muslim refugees from the northeastern Punjab areas of India migrated to the northwestern Punjab areas including to the Sahiwal District area as one of them, between the newly-drawn national boundaries of Pakistan and India by the departing British. In other words, old British Punjab province was divided into 2 new Punjabs – ‘Muslim-majority Punjab’ and ‘Sikh and Hindu majority Punjab’ in 1947.
OverviewChichawatni presently serves as the main city of Sahiwal Division, and is administratively subdivided into three City Union Councils and 34 rural Union Councils. It is also the headquarters of Chichawatni Tehsil. It lies approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the ancient Upper Indus site of Harappa, a Unesco World Heritage Site, and is consequently a popular stop-over for tourists. It furthermore serves as the educational hub for many local villages, offering several colleges and institutions for higher education. Punjabi is the most-spoken language in Sahiwal, including Chichawatni, although Urdu is also commonly spoken.
Forested land near Chichawatni.Chichawatni city is the headquarters of a Pakistani forest division. The local forested area is called Chichawatni Reserved Forest. During the War of Independence of 1857, local people fought against the British in this forest. In Second world war, many foreign prisoners were brought and confined here in this forest. Dating back to 1923, the Chichawatni Plantation covered a total forested area of approximately 3,600 hectares (9,000 acres), constituting the second-largest forest plantation in Pakistan, the largest being the ‘Changa Manga Forest’. The Peregrine Fund, a U.S.-based avian conservation organisation, conducted research in Chichawatni’s forests in the early 2000s.
Cattle marketChichawatni’s cattle market, known as Mandi Muwaishiyan, is among the largest in Pakistan. Typically, the market runs from the 21st of each month to the end of the month.
Floodlit Kabbadi stadium in Chichawatni.Kabbadi – a team sport similar to wrestling – is popular in Chichawatni, which is home to one of the few flood-light Kabbadi stadiums in Pakistan. The town has played host to numerous Kabbadi championships. M Waqas Rauf Son of Abdul Rauf is the First Captain of Chichawatni Kabbadi team. He win kabbadi tournament for Chichawatni. He belongs 32/12.L
Educational institutionsChichawatni is home to numerous institutions of secondary and tertiary education, including:
Al-Falah Public Higher Secondary SchoolAllama Iqbal High SchoolAllied School chichawatni campusDar E Arqam 88/12.LaDarul Uloom Khatm-e-Nabuwwat (an Islamic institution)Ahmad education campus old cch.Dawn Cadet High SchoolDivisional Public SchoolGovernment College of CommerceGovernment Crescent College (for girls)Government Crescent Girls High SchoolGovernment Degree CollegeGovernment Technical Training Institute ChichawatniGovernment High School (for boys)Government M.C. High School (for boys)Government High SchoolIslamia Public HIigh School ChichawatniOxford School SystemPunjab Group of Colleges (Chichawatni Campus)Punjab Science School and CollegeScholars’ Model High SchoolSir Syed College, Kassowal villageQuaid-e-Azam Public High School & College, KassowalThe Educators CollegeThe Educators SchoolUnique Public Higher Secondary SchoolUniversity School SystemDarul Aloom Ghousia Noor Ul MasajidReal College G.T Road ChichawatniRail linksIn 1918, Chichawatni’s first railway station was constructed, but its position – in the largely impassable forest to the north of the town – made it difficult to reach, despite the expansion of the station in 1927. In July 2007, a new and more accessible railway station was constructed in Chichawatni, with the sanction of then Prime Minister Zafarullah Jamali.
Nearby VillagesChichawatni is surrounded by many villages and farming fields. Some of the villages near Chichawatni are Village Chak No. 34/12-L,Village Chak No.106/12-L, Village Chak No. 40/12-L, Village Chak No. 42/12-L, Village Chak No. 110/12-L, Village Chak No.115/12-L, Village No.17, Village No.37, Village No.39/12.L,Chak No.32/12.L, Village No.45, Village No. 108/7.R and lots of other villages nearby.
Government investmentIn recent years, the Government of Punjab has invested significantly into education in Chichawatni, leading to a rapid increase in the local literacy rate. In partnership with private interests, local authorities have also invested into ICT education, improving the computer skills of school and college students in Chichawatni. Numerous municipal parks and museums have also been constructed with government aid.
Local elections in 2012Since the independence of Pakistan in 1947, local elections are contested occasionally by the political parties in Pakistan.
See alsoForestry in PakistanReferencesJump up ^ http://www.worldatlas.com/as/pk/pb/where-is-chichawatni.html, Location and map of Chichawatni on worldatlas.com website, Retrieved 7 March 2017^ Jump up to: a b c http://www.findpk.com/cities/Explorer-pakistan-Sahiwal.html, City of Sahiwal on findpk.com website, Retrieved 7 March 2017^ Jump up to: a b http://www.chichawatni.7p.com/rich_text.html, History of Chichawatni, Retrieved 9 March 2017Jump up ^ http://www.oldindianphotos.in/2009/10/mass-migration-during-independence-of.html, Mass migration during independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, Retrieved 8 March 2017^ Jump up to: a b http://www.world66.com/asia/southasia/pakistan/chichawatni, History of Chichawatni, Retrieved 9 March 2017Jump up ^ http://fwf.punjab.gov.pk/chichawatni_plantation, ‘Chichawatni Plantation’ article on Government of Punjab, Pakistan website, Published in 2014, Retrieved 9 March 2017Jump up ^ Asian Vulture Crisis Archives – Summary of Field Study Results from Pakistan for the Breeding Season 2000/2001 Archived December 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Peregrine Fund, 2 December 2001. Retrieved 9 April 2012.Jump up ^ http://lahoreworld.com/2014/10/13/second-phase-national-kabaddi-camp-commenced-punjab-stadium/, National Kabaddi Camp for Pakistan on lahoreworld.com website, Retrieved 9 March 2017Jump up ^ Schooling Log Pakistan :: Government Girls High School CRESCENT CHICHAWATNI, CHICHAWATANI, SAHIWAL, Punjab. Schoolinglog.com website (2011-02-02). Retrieved 9 March 2017Jump up ^ New Campuses – Punjab Group of Colleges Archived October 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. on pgc.edu. website, Retrieved 7 March 2017Jump up ^ http://pk.geoview.info/railway_station_chichawatni,46858402p, Chichawatni Railway Station on pk.geoview.info website, Retrieved 9 March 2017Jump up ^ http://nation.com.pk/national/07-May-2015/cm-opens-projects-worth-billions-of-rupees, ‘Chief Minister opens projects worth billions of rupees’, The Nation newspaper, Published 7 May 2015, Retrieved 9 March 2017Jump up ^ http://nation.com.pk/lahore/05-Dec-2012/pml-n-victory-in-chichawatni-by-poll-lesson-for-pti, Local elections in Chichawatni, Pakistan, The Nation newspaper, Published 5 December 2012, Retrieved 9 March 2017External linksSatellite view of Chichawatni
[hide] v t eNeighbourhoods of SahiwalAdministrations: Sahiwal Division and Sahiwal DistrictTehsils Chichawatni Sahiwal
Cities Chichawatni Harappa Sahiwal (capital)Towns and councils ChandPur Chak No. 42/12.L Agra Asghari Chak 17/14L Ghaziabad Gulistan Iqbal Nagar Kassowal Nai-Abadi Pahri Qasimabad Sikhanwala Tariq-bin-Ziad Colony TirathpurVillages Chak no. 24/11-L 26/11-L Addepur Bashera Chak 44/12.L Chak 86/6.R Sahiwal Chak No. 110/7R Chak no. 116/12.L Kassowal Chak No. 42/12.L Charat Singhwala Mirbaz